Attention Deficit & Hyperactivity Disorders

Numerous case studies demonstrate the efficacy of neurofeedback in treating ADD and ADHD (Ramos, 1998; Wadhwani, Radvanski, & Carmody, 1998). Studies using neurofeedback that decreased slow wave activity and increased fast wave activity show people with attention deficit disorder (ADD) improve in ADD symptoms, intelligence score, and academic performance (Grin’-Yatsenko et al., 2001; Lubar, Swartwood, Swartwood, & O’Donnell, 1995; Thompson & Thompson, 1998;).

Those individuals whosignificantlyreduced theta over the training sessions also showed a 12-point increase in WISC-R IQimproved Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA),and ADDES rating scores (Lubar, Swartwood, Swartwood, & O’Donnell, 1995). One large multi-center study (1,089 participants, aged 5-67 years) showed sensorimotor – beta neurofeedback training led to significant improvementin attentiveness, impulse control, and response variability as measured on the TOVA (Kaiser & Othmer, 2000) in those with moderate pre-training deficits. EEG biofeedback training has also been used successfullyinthe school setting (Boyd & Campbell, 1998).

6-question Adult Self Report Scale (ASRS) Diagnosis (World Health Organisation, 2003) 

ADD/ADHD Fact Sheet provided by the Attention Deficit Disorder Association

ADD/ADHD Level 4 Efficacy (Efficacious)

Efficacy of Neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: The effects on Inattention, Impulsivity and Hyperactivity:

A meta-analysis.

Martijn Arns 1,2,*, Sabine de Ridder 2, Ute Strehl 3, Marinus Breteler 4, 5 & Ton Coenen 5

Alhambra, M. A., Fowler, T. P., and Alhambra, A. A. EEG Biofeedback: A New Treatment Option For ADD/ADHD. ISNR (1-2)3.

Barabasz, A., & Barabasz, M. (1995). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Neurological Basis and Treatment Alternatives. Special Issue on Attention Deficit Disorders, Child Study Journal. Retrieved from ISNR.

Butnik, S. M. (May 2005). Neurofeedback in adolescents and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 61(5), 621-625. Retrieved from Medline.

Chabot, Robert J. (1997). QEEG Profiles of Children of Attention & Learning Disorders and the Role of QEEG in Predicting Medication & Response. Society for Neuronal Regulation 1997 Annual Meeting Conference Abstracts. New York School of Medicine.

Cowan, Jonathan, PhD., BCIACEBP. (1997). The Clearest & Simplest NF for Concentration- Frontal Wide Band Suppression. Society for Neuronal Regulation Annual Meeting Workshop 14 and 16 Abstracts.

Cynthia A. R., George W., Hynd, M. J. C., & Jose J. G. (1999). Neurofeedback for the management of attention deficit./hyperactivity disorder. Exceptional Children, 60. 493-522.

Duffy, F.H..(Jan 2000). The state of EEG biofeedback therapy (EEG operant conditioning) in 2000: an editor’s opinion. Clinical Electroencephalography. 31(1):V-VII.

Hynd, G. W. Hem, K. L., Voeller, K. K., & Marshall, R. M. (1991). Neurobiological basis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). School Psychological Review, 20,174-186.

Lubar J. F., (1991). Discourse on the development of EEG diagnostics and biofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 16, 20 1225.

Lubar, J. F. (1991). Discourse on the development of EEG diagnostics and biofeedback for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders. Biofeedback and Self-Regulation, 1(16), 3, 201-225.

Lubar, J. F. & Shouse, M. N. (1976). EEG and behavioral changes in a hyperkinetic child concurrent with training of the sensorimotor rhythm (SMR): ISNR preliminary reportBiofeedback and Self Regulation, 3, 293-306.

Othmer, S., Othmer, S. F., & Marks, C. S. (Sept. 1991). EEG biofeedback training for attention deficit disorder, specific learning disabilities, and associated conduct problems. Retrieved from EEG Spectrum Inc.

Swanson, J., Mcbumett, T., Wigal, T., Pfiffner, L., Lerner, M., Williams, L., et al. (1993). Effect of stimulant medication on children with attention deficit disorder: A “review of reviews”Exceptional Children, 60(2), 154-162.

Thompson, L., & Thompson, M. (Dec. 1998). Neurofeedback combined with training in metacognitive strategies: effectiveness in students with ADDApplied Psychophysiology And Biofeedback, 23 (4), 243-63. Retrieved from Medline.

Trudeau, D. L. (Jan. 2000). ADHD Neurological Basis & Treatment Alternatives. Clinical Electroencephalography, 31(1):13-22.